Nacogdoches Pop.33,300   Alt. 283

General -

Site of Indian settlement for centuries before first European arrived; named for the Nacogdoche Indians. Area visited by La Salle expedition in 1687. Spanish mission founded in 1716. For more than a hundred years town was major eastern gateway to Texas. Nacogdoches is often referred to as the "cradle of Texas liberty". Some of state's most historic landmarks are here. Texas' first newspaper, Gaceta de Tejas, was published in Nacogdoches. Home of Stephen F. Austin State Univ. Points of Interest

Old Nacogdoches University

Built 1858, modified Grecian structure was first nonsectarian university established during Republic of Texas. On Washington Square, campus of Thomas J. Rusk Middle School, building is museum featuring antique furniture, silver, other relics. Open Tues. - Fri. 1 - 4 p.m.; Sat. 10 a.m. - 4 p.m.; Sun. 1 - 4 p.m. Mound and Hughes Sts.

Old Stone Fort

old stone fort The Stone Fort Museum is housed in a 1936 replica, built on a new site, of Don Antonio Gil Y'Barbo's stone house. Y'Barbo, the founder of present day Nacogdoches, built the stone house circa 1780 as the formal portals to the Spanish District of Texas. The original site of Y'Barbo's house, torn down in 1902, is the corner of Fredonia and Main Streets in downtown Nacogdoches. During its history, the original house served variously as a public building, grocery store, candy store, saloon, and as a temporary fortification during the Magee-Gutierrez, Dr. James Long and Fredonia Rebellion filibusters.

Don Antonio Gil Y'Barbo (pronounced e-barvo) built a home that reflects French Colonial residential architecture, but the building acquired a nickname in the mid-1800's when its owner named his saloon the "Old Stone Fort Saloon." Prior to that, the building was referred to as the stone house. The house changed hands several times before the Perkins brothers bought it for $12,000 in 1901 with the intention of demolishing the structure to erect a modern building. This news attracted the attention of the Cum Concilio Club, a local historical group. The Club conducted fund raising projects for one year in hopes of purchasing the aging structure. Unable to prevent the demolition of the building, the Cum Concilio Club purchased the building stones that were later incorporated in a small memorial structure and museum. Before the house was torn down in 1902, it was the oldest standing stone structure in the State, and its porch one of the earliest examples of the galerie style porch in Texas.

In 1936, the same stones were in turn used to build the present replica structure, authorized by the Texas Centennial Commission, which stands on the campus of Stephen F. Austin State University. Now over fifty years old, the replica structure is an important landmark and currently contains a continuing exhibit on the history of the house and a temporary exhibit, "East Texas Portfolio", which focuses on artists and photographers of the 18th and early 19th century who lived in or had a direct influence on East Texas. The "East Texas Portfolio" exhibit can be viewed until December 2000.

The museum is open Tuesday through Saturday from 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.; Sunday from 1:00 p.m. to 5:00 p.m.; closed on Mondays and holidays. Admission is free of charge. Guided tours are available by reservation only. For more information call (936)468-2408 weekdays, or email the museum at .

Located on the campus of Stephen F. Austin State University.

La Calle del Norte

Spanish for "The Street of the North," currently North Street in Nacogdoches, believed to be oldest public thoroughfare in the U.S. Long before Spanish explorers discovered and named it, route connected the major Indian community of Nacogdoches with other Indian villages to the north.

Millard's Crossing

19th Century buildings at Millard's Crossing in NagogdochesA group of restored 19th Century buildings furnished with antiques and pioneer memorabilia. Guided tours Mon. - Sat. 9 a.m. - 4 p.m.; Sun. 1 - 4 p.m. 6020 North St. (U.S. 59 north).  For information, call 936/564-6631.   Admission.

El Camino Real

"The King's Highway"; first blazed in 1691 by Domingo Teran de los Rios, first provincial governor of Texas. Often called "Old San Antonio Road" (OSR), route is virtually that of today's Texas 21.

L.T. Barret Memorial

Honors the man who drilled Texas' first oil well in September, 1866.   It produced 10 barrels a day.  Memorial located on Stephen F. Austin State University campus.

Sterne-Hoya Home

Front porch of Sterne-Hoya House>Built in 1828 by Adolphus Sterne as a home for his new bride.  Pioneer merchant was active in ill fated Fredonia rebellion of 1826-27; helped with founding of Texas Republic.  Sam Houston baptized as Roman Catholic here, because Mexico required landholders to be Catholic.  Legend has it that Sam Houston remarked, "Texas is worth a mass". 

Open Monday - Saturday, 9a.m. - noon, then again  2 - 5 p.m.  211 South Lanana Street, one block off East Main Street (Texas 21). Telephone: 936/560-5426.

Lanana Creek Trail

Six miles of rustic trail ramble through Pecan Acres Park along Lanana Creek.  Scenic trail follows paths once traveled by Indians.

Stephen F. Austin Arboretum & Herb Garden

Ten acres of native and exotic plant materials organized into various theme gardens. Major collections include an herb garden, fern glade, dry garden, daylily and iris garden, a perennial border, bog garden, conifers, plants of Asia, and native plants of East Texas. Open daily. Off Wilson Dr. on SFASU campus and part of the Lanana Creek Trail.

Visitor Information

Interior of Sterne-Hoya HouseFor more information on city accommodations, restaurants and events, stop by the Nacogdoches Convention and Visitors Bureau at 513 North Street. Open Monday - Friday 8a.m. - 5 p.m., or call 936/564-7351.  You can also visit our web site at, or call toll free 1/800/564-7351.


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